Also See: Maryland Marriage Laws
Statute: Maryland Divorce Code (Family Law, Title 7)
Residency: If the grounds for divorce occurred outside the state of Maryland, the residency requirement is 1 year; if filing on the grounds of insanity, residency requirement is 2 years; otherwise parties may file if either spouse is a resident without waiting period.
Legal Separation Recognized? Yes. Alimony, child support and property distribution can be awarded without having a divorce pending.
Counseling Requirements: The court may require the parties to attend a parenting education class when minor children are involved.
Property Distribution: Maryland relies on “equitable distribution” so the court will distribute the marital property “in an equitable manner” if the parties can’t agree on their own. Separate property (property acquired prior to the marriage, as a gift or through inheritance) is not included in property distribution.
Alimony: Alimony may be awarded to either party and is at the discretion of the judge. Fault may be considered.