When drafting a prenuptial agreement , the issue of spousal support (or alimony) is one of the most likely, and often most sensitive topics to come up.
Spousal support is a monetary amount designed to allow the lower-income spouse to continue meeting certain living expenses and/or continue maintaining a specific lifestyle. Once thought to be exclusively for the rich, spousal support is becoming more and more prevalent across the country.
In general, there is no set amount required by law. In fact, your prenuptial agreement doesn’t have to include alimony at all. It should however, address the issue one way or the other, meaning that if you’re not going to pay spousal support, your prenup should state this fact and include a signed waiver from your spouse.
It should be noted that some states don’t recognize this kind of waiver at all and those that do will scrutinize it closely.
Courts want to be sure that both parties can continue to meet their reasonable living expenses and if one spouse receives a considerably larger income than the other, the court may set aside the waiver and grantalimony anyway.
The key to alimony is a two-part test: the first is the self-sufficiency question. Can both parties continue to be self-sufficient without any support from the other? If the answer is yes, the court may very well allow a waiver to stand. If the answer is no however, alimony may be awarded to balance out the difference.
The second part of the test is a standard known as “unconscionability”. This basically means an agreement that is obviously unfair or detrimental to one of the parties. In this test, the courts look to see if the agreement is one that a sensible or prudent person would normally sign without any stress, coercion or misrepresentation of facts. If not, the agreement will be set aside and the courts will award spousal support in a more appropriate amount.
Prenuptial agreements can specifically address a number of variables such as a drastic increase or decrease in income and/or expenses, so it makes sense to be as detailed as possible when drafting your prenup. You can include provisions that ensure the amount of spousal support never exceeds a certain percentage of your income for example or the recipient spouse could ask that a future increase in income be addressed separately in the agreement.
You can also outline different amounts based on different factors such as the number of years the marriage lasts or a significant financial change that may or may not occur in the future. This is often called an escalator clause and is commonly used to allow the prenuptial agreement to adjust with unforeseen changes and events.
Alimony can continue for an unlimited amount of time or a fixed period. It can vary in amounts or stay the same for the duration it is paid. You can also make alimony subject to certain conditions, such as the recipient spouse remarrying or achieving a certain income on their own. In any event, alimony ends when the recipient spouse dies.
We are going through divorce. We both live in Ls Angeles, CA. The judge has declared our prenuptial agreement “valid”. My husband waived his rights to my pension and spousal support in the prenup. However the jugde told us the pension still had to be “joined”. We are currently pending what I believe is the closing trial. I really can’t afford an attorney but I’ve been on my job for 36 years and we’ve been married for 9 years. Could my husband still get part of my pension even though the he gave up his rights to it in the “valid” prenup?
To Kelley Walker,
It is nice to see a woman in a mans shoes trying to defend what she has worked do hard for. While I do hope you manage to get out of your marriage financially stable, a little part of me hopes to see you get what the unfair laws have been giving men for ages. Perhaps if more women end up in your shoes; you can join forces with the unfairly treated men and help change the laws.
Disclaimer.. I’m not nor have I ever been married. It’s simply too much of a financial risk to be in love. So very sad, but so very true. Women wonder why men are comitophobes, here is the answer for lots of successful men.